The solar system is home to some of the most spectacular mysteries of our universe, and since it is sprawling over an unmeasurable amount of distance, there are countless wonders that we have yet to explore.
The solar system is extremely large, much larger than anything our imagination could possibly fathom. And from the grand canyons of mars to the ice geysers of Enceladus and Miranda’s giant cliff face, it is home to countless stunning marvels that are simply larger than life itself.
The incredible vastness of the solar system is home to countless celestial miracles and space wonders, for instance, the geological life and giant oceans of Earth, the stunning clouds that dominate Jupiter, the spectacular rings of Saturn, and the plasma surface that lights up the sun are just a few of the wonders that the solar system contains.
NASA and its team of dedicated astronomers and planetary scientists are always conducting new explorations and discoveries across the solar system by sending out space mission to far-off planets and undiscovered corners of the solar system. Even though there is a great deal left to explore, the discoveries that we have made are nothing short of breathtaking astonishment.
In this article, we will introduce you to 10 famous and some lesser-known wonders of the solar system that will leave you exalted with their beauty and mystery.
Here, take a look:
1. The Canyon of Valles Marineris on Mars
The glorious and gigantic canyon of the Valles Marineris on the surface of Mars happen to be four times grander and deeper than the Grand Canyon of Arizona. It happens to the greatest and vastest canyon across the solar system, and it has been observed to be larger than 2,500 miles, which is around 4,000 km. The depth is even more astounding at 23,000 feet, which is basically 7,000 meters deep within the surface of Mars.
Reports released by NASA reveal that Valles Marineris is most probably a tectonic crevice on the crust of the red planet, and it occurred when Mars began to cool down. Other researchers have put forward different theories. For instance, Valles Marineris is likely to be a channel that was formed by the flow of lava erupted from a closely situated shield volcano.
Despite its origins, the diversity of Mar’s geographic landscape and Valles Marineris’ potential part in drawing water when the red planet was undergoing its wet years pose it as a suitable location to conduct human space mission to Mars. Come to think of it, climbing atop these canyons and enjoying a splendid view of the solar system is a vision that will keep us up for nights.
2. Vesta, the Highest Mountain of the Solar System
The asteroid Vesta, with a diameter of around 330 miles or 530 km, hosts the highest mountain in the solar system. This 14-mile tall peak sprawling over 23 km is yet to be named, and it is surrounded by a dense impact crater that is named as Rheasilvia. This mountain is tall enough to encompass two Mount Everest-like peaks within its enormous expanse.
This gigantic mountain is said to have emerged 1 billion years earlier, after colliding with a celestial object that has been observed to be at least 48 km or 30 miles away. The collision created a massively powerful force that carved out a gigantic quantity of material and waste, and nearly 1% of the surface of Vesta was erupted into the space and it was distributed through the solar system.
Scientists reveal that nearly 5% of all the space rocks present on Earth have been ejected from Vesta, and scientists have managed to obtain samples from some space objects aside from Earth, including the Earth’s moon and Mars.